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Atmospheric Deposition Maps for the Rocky Mountains

By Campbell, Donald H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000067098
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.9 MB
Reproduction Date: 2007
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Title: Atmospheric Deposition Maps for the Rocky Mountains  
Author: Campbell, Donald H.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Ecology, Natural resource issues, Environemtal protection
Collections: Environmental Awareness Library Collection
Historic
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Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency

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Campbell, D. H. (n.d.). Atmospheric Deposition Maps for the Rocky Mountains. Retrieved from http://www.worldpubliclibrary.org/


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Excerpt: Variability in atmospheric deposition across the Rocky Mountains is influenced by elevation, slope, aspect, and precipitation amount and by regional and local sources of air pollution. To improve estimates of deposition in mountainous regions, maps of average annual atmospheric deposition loadings of nitrate, sulfate, and acidity were developed for the Rocky Mountains by using spatial statistics. A parameter-elevation regressions on independent slopes model (PRISM) was incorporated to account for variations in precipitation amount over mountainous regions. Chemical data were obtained from the National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network and from annual snowpack surveys conducted by the US Geological Survey and National Park Service, in cooperation with other Federal, State and local agencies. Surface concentration maps were created by ordinary kriging in a geographic information system, using a local trend and mathematical model to estimate the spatial variance. Atmosphericdeposition maps were constructed at 1-km resolution by multiplying surface concentrations from the kriged grid and estimates of precipitation amount from the PRISMmodel. Maps indicate an increasing spatial trend in concentration and deposition of the modeled constituents, particularly nitrate and sulfate, from north to south throughout the Rocky Mountains and identify hot-spots of atmospheric deposition that result from combined local and regional sources of air pollution. Highest nitrate (2.5–3.0 kg/ha N) and sulfate (10.0–12.0 kg/ha SO4) deposition is found in northern Colorado.

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