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Mechanical Protection Guidelines

By Michel, Jacqueline, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000660775
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 996.43 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Mechanical Protection Guidelines  
Author: Michel, Jacqueline, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication

Citation

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Michel, D. J. (n.d.). Mechanical Protection Guidelines. Retrieved from http://www.worldpubliclibrary.org/


Excerpt
Introduction: The main objective of shoreline protection is preventing or reducing the environmental effects of spilled oil. This manual emphasizes providing guidance to Area Committee members on how best to employ mechanical protection methods, such as booms and barriers, when designing workable protection strategies. The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) directed that Area Committees be established to plan for a coordinated community response to an oil discharge or hazardous substance release. For areas under U.S. Coast Guard jurisdiction, Area Committees are designated for each coastal Captain of the Port zone. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is in charge of inland Area Committee development, and has designated each EPA Region as an Area and the Regional Response Teams (RRT) as the Area Committees. There are many components to Area Contingency Plans that need to be addressed by Area Committees. This manual provides a framework for the planning requirements specified in the Commandant Notice 16471, Annex E, Area Assessments, and focuses on the Notice?s Appendix IV, Protection Strategies and Appendix V, Identification of Sensitive Areas. It also can be used by facilities who must prepare Response Plans for Marine Transportation-Related Facilities. These plans identify sensitive areas and set guidelines for protecting these resources during a spill.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Introduction ........................................................................................................................................1 1 Determining Oil Spill Risk . ....................................................................................................3 Identifying potential spill sources ..........................................................................................3 Vessel operating parameters and environmental conditions .........................................5 Oil properties important to strategy development .........................................................10 OPA 90 spill scenario requirements ....................................................................................13 2 Prioritizing Resources ...........................................................................................................15 Identifying sensitive resources ............................................................................................15 Prioritizing resources at risk. .................................................................................................19 3 Developing Shoreline Protection Strategies ................................................................25 Shoreline protection methods ..............................................................................................25 Shoreline protection limitations ..........................................................................................32 Matrix of protection methods versus operational limits ..............................................38 Matrix of protection methods versus support equipment ............................................41 4 Developing Site-specific Protection Strategies .........................................................43 Natural resource constraints ................................................................................................43 General shoreline protection tactics ..................................................................................44 Summary of oil recovery methods ......................................................................................48 Alternative protection methods ...........................................................................................50 Protection methods for specific physical settings ..........................................................53 Steps for developing site-specific protection strategies ..............................................61 5 Preparing Work Products for Area Plans ......................................................................65 Presentation of work products .............................................................................................65 6 Plan Validation ........................................................................................................................75 Recommended References ............................................................................................................77 Index ..................................................................................................................................................79

 

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