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Marine Protected Areas Needs Assessment Final Report

By Recksiek, Heidi

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Book Id: WPLBN0000660938
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 795.02 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Marine Protected Areas Needs Assessment Final Report  
Author: Recksiek, Heidi
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication


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Recksiek, E. (n.d.). Marine Protected Areas Needs Assessment Final Report. Retrieved from

Executive Summary: During the period from May 2001 to February 2002, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration?s (NOAA) Coastal Services Center (CSC) conducted a needs assessment to support the newly created National Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Center. The assessment aimed to identify information, skills, tools, and processes needed to foster effective MPAs. The results of the needs assessment will guide the National MPA Center as it begins to design services and products to support a national network of MPAs. Overview of the Marine Protected Areas Needs Assessment A 12-member planning team of individuals from NOAA and the Department of the Interior (DOI) advised CSC on the MPA needs assessment. Although numerous audiences may look to the National MPA Center for information and assistance, the team agreed that this initial, nine month assessment should focus on the needs of coastal and marine resource managers. This target audience included site managers and their staffs, as well as state, regional, and federal managers. A wide range of MPA stakeholders was consulted, since input from groups such as fishing interests and tourism providers gave important perspectives on management issues and processes. The assessment examined the gap between current and desired knowledge, skills, and tools needed for effective MPA management, and identified potential strategies and tools for filling those gaps.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ????????????.???????????????. 1 ACRONYMS ????????????????????????????????... 5 INTRODUCTION ??????????????????????????????? 6 Executive Order No. 13158 on Marine Protected Areas ?????????... 6 The Marine Protected Areas Needs Assessment, Phase I ????????.. 7 METHODOLOGY ??????????????????????????????.. 10 Literature Review ??????????????????????????? 10 Focus Groups ????????????????????????????.. 10 Phone Interviews ???????????????????????????. 10 Computer-Assisted Content Analysis of News Media ??????????.. 11 Meetings, Conferences, and FISHFOLK Discussion List ?????????. 11 RESULTS ?????????????????????????????????? 12 Section I: MPA-Related Policy and Legal Issues/Responsible Authorities ???? 14 Identifying MPA Goals and Defining MPA Terminology ?????????.. 14 Integrating Management across Jurisdictions ?????????????... 16 Information Sharing and Management ?????????????????. 19 Intra- and Interagency Coordination and Cooperation ?????????? 22 Fisheries Management Issues ????????????????????? 24 Section II: MPA-Related Science and Technology ??????????????? 27 Inventorying and Monitoring ?????????????????????... 27 Mapping and Spatial Analysis ?????????????????????. 29 Natural Science Needs ????????????????????????.. 31 Social Science Needs ????????????????????????? 34 Science in Management ???????????????????????? 37 Climate Change ???????????????????????????... 39 Section III: MPA Program Implementation ??????????????????... 41 Public Education and Outreach ????????????????????.. 41 Planning Methods for Identifying MPAs ????????????????... 45 Stakeholder/Community Involvement ?????????????????... 46 Working with Indigenous Peoples ???????????????????. 51 Working with Fishermen ???????????????????????... 53 Managing Visitor Impacts ???????????????????????. 57 Historical and Cultural Issues ?????????????????????. 58 Enforcement ?????????????????????????????. 61 Evaluating MPA Effectiveness ????????????????????? 64 Funding ???????????????????????????????. 66 Growth and Land-Based Threats ???????????????????? 68 Site- and Sector-Specific Issues ????????????????????. 69 Information Sources Used by Managers ???????????????????... 71 Findings of the Computer-Assisted Content Analysis of MPA Media ??????.. 73


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